Chp. 4, Sec. 3 - The Birth of Hinduism
2. What is the importance of dharma to Hindus?
Dharma contains hundreds of rules that tell each caste how to live in society.
3. What Indian customs come from the teachings of Hinduism?
Indian customs include the caste system, festivals, special exercises, and not eating certain foods.
4. Some Hindus do not eat fish, meat, poultry, or eggs. How might this custom affect India's farm economy?
India's farm economy might produce more vegetarian products than other farm economies.
5. Why did the government of India make the decision to end the caste system?
The caste system was unfair and limited the opportunities of the citizens of modern India.
Chp. 4, Sec. 4 - The Birth of Buddhism
2. Why did Siddhartha leave the life of a prince and become a monk?
To find peace and a solution to end suffering and find the meaning of life.
3. What did the Buddha teach about the proper way of life?
The Buddha taught people to end suffering by following the Eightfold Path and by following a Middle Way of living. Karma and the cycle of life, death, and reincarnation, or rebirth, are also part of his teachings.
4. How might Buddhism have changed the culture of the areas of India that accepted the Buddha's teaching?
It might have ended the caste system
5. Compare and contrast the life of Prince Siddhartha Gautama with his life as the Buddha
The prince had power, wealth, and the best worldly things. The Buddha had no possessions and had given up worldly things, but through was free of suffering.