Sec. 1 - The Gift of the Nile
2) What happened if the annual floods were too great or too small?
Too much water meant villages were destroyed and farm animals drowned. Too little water meant crops would not grow well.
3) Why did life for the people of Egypt depend on the Nile?
The Nile's floods made growing food possible.
4) What technology did Egyptian farmers use to get water from the Nile to their fields?
A shadoof was used to lift water over the riverbank and into an irrigation canal.
5) How did Egyptians solve the problem of irrigating crops during the dry season?
They dug canals and used shadoofs to lift water into them.
Sec. 2 - The Kingdoms of Egypt
2) What part did Egyptian scribes play in government and trade?
Scribes wrote letters and kept accurate written records of taxes and contracts.
3) What were the major achievements of ancient Egypt during the Old Kingdom?
The Old Kingdom was the start of a long lasting and powerful civilization. Also during this time, large stone monuments were created.
4) What role did the Pharaoh play in Egypt's religion?
Egyptians believed he was given his power by the sun god, and was given the responsibility of ruling his people for god.
5) How did Champollion solve the problem or deciphering ancient Egyptian writing?
He compared the hieroglyphics with the Greek writing on the Rosetta Stone and found that the Greek was a translation of the hieroglyphics.